半獸人語和黑暗語(Orkish and the Black Speech)─為了基本生活需求而發展的基本語言
Animalic─"crude in the extreme"(尚待譯工)
Naffarin─at least we know that "vrú" means ever(尚待譯工)
The Markirya Poem （昆雅語）(尚待譯工)
The Lord's Prayer and Hail Mary （昆雅語）─RTF格式下載(尚待譯工)
費瑞爾之歌(Fíriel's Song) (舊昆雅語)(尚待譯工)
A Elbereth Gilthoniel （辛達語）(尚待譯工)
(Sindarin or Grey-elven, the Celtic-style language of Tolkien's mythos, was very often
revised by the Professor: In the pre-LotR period, it wasn't even called Sindarin, but "Noldorin"!
The articles below discuss various inconsistencies haunting the primary sources and suggest how
the material can be edited to achieve a LotR-compatible "standard" form of the language: Writers
should not mix various conceptual stages of Noldorin/Sindarin into a hybrid language that
would not properly reflect Tolkien's intentions at any stage. WARNING: by necessity, these
articles are often highly technical!)
AE or OE?─Tolkien's Hard Choice
On LH and RH─not to mention HL and HR
The question of ND or NN─about the behaviour of
the cluster nd in "Noldorin" vs. Sindarin
To SS or not to SS─a Gollumish problem
The Qenya Lexicon Reviewed─comments on Tolkien's earliest Elvish wordlist,
as published in Parma Eldalamberon #12
Index to the Qenya Lexicon by English glosses─what vocabulary does the QL really provide?
Index to the Qenya Lexicon by Elvish words─the corresponding Qenya-based guide
A Qenya Botany─compiled by David Salo
Quenya Course─downloadable lessons with exercises
The Evolution from Primitive Elvish to Quenya - A Comprehensive Survey.
(This treatise, available as an RTF file, attempts to list the sound-changes that occurred
as High-Elven was evolving from the earliest forms of Elvish.)
Index to the Etymologies by English glosses
- where do you find the word you so desperately need?
Index to the Etymologies by Elvish words
- where do you find the word you can't understand?
Probable Errors in the Etymologies
- where Tolkien's handwriting proved too tough!
The Quenya Corpus
- the central texts
- English-Quenya and Quenya-English
Suggested Conjugation of all known or inferred Sindarin verbs
A Taste of Elvish
- selected Quenya and Sindarin vocabulary
- derivational elements in High-Elven
Do you have trouble reading or printing some of the articles on this page?
Post-Tolkien Quenya Compositions:
Ríanna─Quenya poem by Vicente Velasco
Hríveressë─Quenya poem by Vicente Velasco
Roccalassen─Quenya poem by Ales Bican
I Yessessë─Quenya translation of the first chapter of the Bible; by Helge Fauskanger
Genesis 2─Quenya translation of the second chapter of the Bible, still by H.F.
Satanist (?) Uses the Black Speech─Sauron's Esperanto* isn't quite dead yet!
Now We Have All Got Elvish Names─ or at least
the readers of Tyalie Tyelelliéva do!
Artificial Languages─an essay by Robert Isenberg, focusing on Klingon and Quenya. Thanks to Robert for this one!
A Second Opinion on the Black Speech─an analysis by Craig Daniel. Thanks to Craig for letting me use it here!
BLASPHEMY─"Auld Elvish" from Bored of the Rings!
The Elvish Linguistic Fellowship─information about the journals Vinyar Tengwar and Parma Eldalamberon, plus a list of Resources.
Gwaith-i-Phethdain─sc. "Fellowship of the Word-smiths", Ryszard Derdzinski's page with various Eldarin material by many authors!
Here you will also find analyses of the Elvish dialogue heard in the Peter Jackson movie. As for Ryszard's comprehensive Sindarin Dictionary, you can read about it
Men i Eldalambinen>─"A Place in the Elven-tongues", Petri Tikka's site with many Elvish texts (and the site is
dedicated to me...I'm blushing...!)
Elfling─the best mailing list devoted to Tolkien's languages! Join it today!
Elm─Ales Bican's page featuring lists of post-Tolkien Quenya words, a list of
Quenya translations of common names, and several Quenya poems!
Mellonath Daeron -
the Language Guild of the Forodrim. Many good Quenya texts and
Tyelelliéva─read about the journal where you can publish
your Elvish poems!
The Eldalamberon site─some
Quenya poems and information about the journal Parma Eldalamberon
Tengwar─download Daniel S. Smith's fonts for Tolkien's most beautiful Elvish script! For more info about the Tengwar and
the other writing systems,
see Måns Björkman's site Amanye Tenceli
and the Tengwar Primers of the Mellonath Daeron. You may also
want to check out Yet Another Tengwar Tool (yes, that's the title!), a site providing software
for transcribing texts into or from Tengwar.
Didier Willis' Sindarin translator─search for Grey-elven words, or
download his remarkable Sindarin dictionary as a PDF file!
The Tynntangial page -
with some Quenya vocabulary stuff (and yes, this is where I stole the
background for this page!)
La faculté des
études elfíques─with information about Tolkien's
languages in French!
pronunciation guide─with recordings of Quenya (not perfect, but the theory stuff is good!)
The Top 10 Model Languages -
what, Quenya second after Esperanto?!
TolkLang─the archives of the Tolkien Language List
The Language Construction
Kit─a MUST if you feel the urge to make your own language. Really excellent!
After I made this web site, I started receiving mails from people wanting to
translate my articles into other languages. This was quite unexpected (and very
flattering). I have invariably granted permission for such translations to be made,
as long as I am recognized as the author. I would also like the translators to inform
me of any errors they may find as they go along; the Spanish translators in particular
have been of considerable help in weeding out certain wrong references and other mistakes.
(The general public is likewise encouraged to tell me of any errors in these articles;
if you can point out omissions or genuine mistakes of any kind, I will not be offended,
but grateful.) Anyway, here are some translations that have been made:
various translators; the most complete and up-to-date non-English version
Polish─all the original
Ardalambion articles translated by Gwidon S. Naskrent; this reflects how my site appeared in
translated by Sebastien Bertho and others; aims to be complete (one day!) Moreover, the
Ambar Eldaron site features
a French translation of my Quenya course.
translated by Gianluca Comastri, more to follow
Finnish─the Kontu page now
features the Adûnaic, Westron and Sindarin articles, translated by Vesa Piittinen
articles translated by Frantisek Spoutil
article only, translated by Aaram Yun
Russian─Adûnaic, Westron, Khuzdul, Black Speech, Entish, Avarin, Nandorin,
Valarin and Various Mannish Tongues; translated by Drauger
German─a few articles translated by Sebastian Basten and others
Portuguese─various articles and large parts of my
Quenya course. An independent translation of parts of the course is found
here. Translations of the articles about
Nevbosh, Animalic and Naffarin are found
Thanks to an initiative by certain gracious people on the Lambenor list, my own
site can now be reached simply by typing:
If you are not afraid of pop-up advertisements, it can also be reached by typing:
Only the masochists would use the original URL:
Thanks to Jessica for this Award; check out her site here.
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